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Clothing

Religious clothing | Profane clothing

Religious clothing

Accessories | Clothing

In Quebec, the large number of new parishes founded as of the middle of the 19th century created new needs in terms of architecture, religious furniture and even sacerdotal vestments. While there were several architects and tradesmen who could satisfy the demand in terms of religious architecture, there was no one, apart from a few tailors, who made cassocks. Many associations were created in the 19th century, bringing together women and young girls who were ready to spend their leisure time making religious vestments and other items required for worship under the supervision of nuns.

Accessories

The baptismal set, fancy garments worn by the newborn when receiving the first sacrament, is an important part of the layette. For this occasion, every care was taken to make the garments as splendid as possible. Regardless of social class, everyone took care to use quality fabrics and decorate the baptismal set with embroidery and lace. The major accessories for the baptismal set included a bonnet, shawl and booties.

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Baptismal bonnet

Baptismal bonnet
Early 20th century
1994.1.4

Baptismal bonnet

Baptismal bonnet
2000.1.5

Baptismal veil

Baptismal veil
1997.120.6

Baptismal bootee

Baptismal bootee
Early 20th century
1999.2.8.1-2

Baptismal bootee

Baptismal bootee
Early 20th century
1999.2.9.1-2

Clothing

Lace-making is closely tied to religion, both as a result of its origins and the manner in which it was used and lace-making techniques were developed. The lace used to decorate religious clothing is of interest not only as a result of the variety of techniques used and its finery, but also for the various patterns, both lay and religious, represented. In each religious community in Quebec, specific talents for the “cultural arts” were revealed over the years. Certain nuns were responsible for providing lace and artistic embroidery for chapels and parishes.

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Baptismal vest

Baptismal vest
Early 20th century
1999.2.4

Baptismal vest

Baptismal vest
Early 20th century
1999.71.4

Baptismal skirt

Baptismal skirt
Early 20th century
1999.2.3

Baptismal skirt

Baptismal skirt
Early 20th century
1999.71.3

Baptismal coat

Baptismal coat
1995.72

Baptismal coat

Baptismal coat
1997.126

Baptismal gown

Baptismal gown
1997.97.1

Baptismal gown

Baptismal gown
Early 20th century
1997.120.1

Baptismal gown

Baptismal gown
Early 20th century
1999.2.2