Collections

Tools and Equipment

Textile | Construction | Farm | Other trades

Farm

Agriculture | Animal husbandry

When the need arose, the settler did work that was not part of his function as a farmer. For example, settlers had to build and repair their houses and buildings, manufacture their tilling tools and maintain their carts and harnesses. As a result, settlers practised all the trades: carpenter, blacksmith and cartwright. Settlers farmed their land and had to have the tools required to clear the land, plough it, harrow their fields, sow the seeds and, of course, harvest the fruits of their labour. Since they also raised livestock, farm tools and instruments were also needed. Men and women alike had to be inventive. Fortunately, they were skilled in this respect since they succeeded at all of the trades without training.

Agriculture

People living in the country had to be good at all trades. When a farmer took over a piece of land, he made a commitment to “plough, till and sow the appropriate seeds at suitable times and seasons”. He had to be inventive when it came to manufacturing the instruments and tools needed to work his fields. Hocquart said that “the settlers make most of the tools and utensils needed to plough and work their fields on their own...” It comes as no surprise that he has most of the tools used during that time.

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Watering can

Watering can
1994.3747

Flour barrel

Flour barrel
1994.1413.1-2

Wheel barrow

Wheel barrow
1994.1410

Flax knife

Flax knife
1994.2476

Grass hook

Grass hook
1996.97

Tobacco knife

Tobacco knife
1998.22

Flax comb

Flax comb
1994.925

Measuring scoop

Measuring scoop
1994.912.1

Rake

Rake
Late 19th century
1994.3388

Animal husbandry

As soon as the settlers arrived in New France, animal husbandry was very important for their survival. Each settler had his own farm animals, including cows, horses, sheep and pigs. Several even had a chicken run. As a result, the settlers needed tools or instruments to do their work. Tools such as butter churns, skimmers, kettles and shears were found on all farms.

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Poultry watering bowl

Poultry watering bowl
1994.989.1

Milk can

Milk can
1994.3730.1-2

Egg box

Egg box
1994.901.1-9

Horse collar

Horse collar
1994.1255

Milk strainer

Milk strainer
1994.3726

Egg scale

Egg scale
1994.2190